The UN Women-Oxfam study which focused on the geographic conflict areas of Ninevah (Mosul), Anbar, and Salah Al din, provided a number of gender responsive recommendations for humanitarian programming and interventions including diversifying income generation opportunities to counter constructions of men as sole income providers. The study purports that the inability of some men to live up to this gendered expectation can result in intimate partner violence to assert masculinity. Therefore livelihood and income generation projects should be designed in a way so that it promotes family cohesion and reduces tensions within the household. The study also promotes a participatory design that addresses women’s barriers to income generation opportunities and planned income generation options for women that are culturally acceptable.
Additionally, the study mentions the need to pilot collaborative income generation schemes between husbands and wives. The study also emphasizes targeting female headed households as part of diversifying income generation which includes widows, women whose husbands have been abducted, and women in households where the man does not work.
Lastly, in the area of income generation, the study mentions the value of women’s collectives, social enterprises and women-only emergency livelihood and income generation options as a gender responsive recommendation.
This study, a first of its kind, digs deeper than examining impact of ISIS occupation on women, girls, men and boys. This study enhances our understanding of tailoring interventions through concrete recommendations for humanitarian programming and interventions in a gender responsive and conflict sensitive context.
UN Women welcomes additional donor support for further evidence based studies to inform humanitarian programming and interventions from a gender responsive lens.